Welcome to the Tribal Constitutions Project


Native American tribes have some of the oldest constitutions on record, their governments having inspired and influenced the American constitution. In 1934, after nearly a century of eradication, the United States recognized tribal governments as political entities for the first time.

Discover the history of tribal constitutions


Tribal constitutions provide models for responsible government, enshrining protections for the environment, community civic engagement, and rights and dignity for all.
Learn facts about tribal constitutions


The Tribal Constitutions Project has cultivated the largest collection of these documents assembled – more than 1,000 constitutions passed by federally recognized tribes.
Read about the project


Together, these documents tell a story of the tribal struggle to preserve sovereignty and the resiliency of Native peoples.
Fine tools for teachers and students


See how tribal governments change, share knowledge, and reclaim their sovereignty.
Explore the constitutions